Aids is curable?


Saturday, October 21, 2006

Useful information related to Aids

What is AIDS? What causes AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
An HIV-positive person receives an AIDS diagnosis after developing one of the CDC-defined AIDS indicator illnesses. An HIV-positive person can also receive an AIDS diagnosis on the basis of certain blood tests (CD4 counts) and may not have experienced any serious illnesses. A positive HIV test does not mean that a person has AIDS. A diagnosis of AIDS is made by a physician according to the CDC AIDS Case Definition.
Over time, infection with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can weaken the immune system to the point that the system has difficulty fighting off certain infections. These types of infections are known as opportunistic infections. Many of the infections that cause problems or that can be life-threatening for people with AIDS are usually controlled by a healthy immune system. The immune system of a person with AIDS has weakened to the point that medical intervention may be necessary to prevent or treat serious illness.

What is the Difference Between HIV and AIDS?

HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
H - Human: because this virus can only infect human beings.
I- Immuno-deficiency: because the effect of the virus is to create a deficiency, a failure to work properly, within the body's immune system.
V- Virus: because this organism is a virus, which means one of its characteristics is that it is incapable of reproducing by itself. It reproduces by taking over the machinery of the human cell.
A- Acquired: because it's a condition one must acquire or get infected with; not something transmitted through the genes
I- Immune: because it affects the body's immune system, the part of the body which usually works to fight off germs such as bacteria and viruses
D- Deficiency: because it makes the immune system deficient (makes it not work properly)
S- Syndrome: because someone with AIDS may experience a wide range of different diseases and opportunistic infections

How long does it take for HIV to cause AIDS?

Currently, the average time between HIV infection and the appearance of signs that could lead to an AIDS diagnosis is 8-11 years. This time varies greatly from person to person and can depend on many factors including a person's health status and behaviors. Today there are medical treatments that can slow down the rate at which HIV weakens the immune system. There are other treatments that can prevent or cure some of the illnesses associated with AIDS. As with other diseases, early detection offers more options for treatment and preventative health care.

What's the connection between HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases?

Having a sexually transmitted disease (STD) can increase a person's risk of becoming infected with HIV, whether or not that STD causes lesions or breaks in the skin. If the STD infection causes irritation of the skin, breaks or sores may make it easier for HIV to enter the body during sexual contact. Even an STD that causes no breaks or sores can stimulate an immune response in the genital area that can make HIV transmission more likely.

Where did HIV come from?
The most recent presentation on the origin of HIV was presented at the 6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunitistic Infections (Chicago, January 1999). At that conference, research was presented that suggested that HIV had "crossed over" into the human population from a particular species of chimpanzee, probably through blood contact that occurred during hunting and field dressing of the animals. The CDC states that the findings presented at this conference provide the strongest evidence to date that HIV-1 originated in non-human primates. The research findings were featured in the February 4,1999 issue of the journal, Nature.
We know that the virus has existed in the United States, Haiti and Africa since at least 1977-1978. In 1979, rare types of pneumonia, cancer and other illnesses were being reported by doctors in Los Angeles and New York. The common thread was that these conditions were not usually found in persons with healthy immune systems.
In 1982 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officially named the condition AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). In 1984 the virus responsible for weakening the immune system was identified as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).

How many people have HIV and AIDS?

Worldwide: UNAIDS estimates that as of December 2000, there were an estimated 36.1 million people living with HIV/AIDS (34.7 million adults and 1.4 million children under 15). Since the epidemic began, an estimated 21.8 million people have died of AIDS (17.5 million adults and 4.3 million children under 15).
An estimated 5.3 million new HIV infections occurred in 2000. During 2000, HIV- and AIDS-associated illnesses caused deaths of an estimated 3 million people, including 500,000 children under the age of 15.
In the United States: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are between 800,000 and 900,000 people living with HIV. Through December 2000, a total of 774,467 cases of AIDS have been reported to the CDC; of this number, 448,060 persons (representing 58% of cases) have died.
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Saturday, October 14, 2006

Cipla launches new anti-HIV drug Viraday

Pharma major Cipla today (12/10/06) launched its fixed dose single pill anti-HIV drug Viraday priced at Rs 5,200 a month.
Viraday is a combination of three anti-HIV drugs - Efavirenz 600 mg, Tenofovir 300 mg and Emtricitabine 200 mg, a company official said in New Delhi.
"We are offering the drug at Rs 5,200 a month, which is a fraction of the international price of approximately $1,100 (about Rs 52,800 a month)," he said.
While the company is introducing this drug in India for the first time, it is also looking at export opportunity, especially in Africa, the official said.

International AIDS Candlelight Memorial - 2007 Theme & Poster Idea Submission

The Global Health Council chooses a new theme and poster each year for the International AIDS Candlelight Memorial. Posters are sent to coordinators who register with the Memorial, which takes place this year on Sunday, May 20, 2007. The theme and poster are unveiled on World AIDS Day, Dec. 1, which also marks the beginning of planning for the Candlelight Memorial in May. However, this year the Council is considering having a permanent slogan for the Memorial which will be the same every year. The Council welcomes you to submit any ideas for slogans and pictures to be considered for the poster. Your idea or picture could be a part of the official 2007 Candlelight poster, which is distributed worldwide. Please send your submissions to the councils website and explain why your submission is important to you. The slogan, which will be the same year after year, will be very similar to past year's themes such as "Lighting the Path to a Brighter Future," "Turning Remembrance Into Action," and "One Voice, Many Faces... United for Life." Only photographs from the past year's 2006 Candlelight Memorial will be considered and there is no monetary award for acceptance. If you are submitting a picture by email, please submit high resolution digital pictures. For the Council to use your photograph, you must also submit the complete contact information for the person responsible for each photograph. Please include a brief description of the photographs and a release form. Also complete and sign a Person Identification Form for each close-up photograph of individuals, especially those who have announced themselves to be HIV positive. All pictures sent to the Global Health Council will become property of the Council and may be used for publication.
Download Photography Release and Person Identification Form:
Photographs may also be mailed to:Candlelight MemorialGlobal Health Council1111 19th Street, NW, Suite 1120Washington, D.C. 20036